Original Research Paper
IDENTIFICATION OF THE RISK CATEGORY OF DIABETIC FOOT IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS
Introduction: Diabetes is a chronic macro-vascular complication in the form of diabetic foot which can cause circulatory disorders as well as nerve damage (neuropathy). Nerve damage is quite dangerous for the feet, so it is important to do an assessment of foot abnormalities with the aim of supporting the prevention of foot problems.Objective: This study will identify risk categories for foot complications in diabetic patients.Methods: This was a descriptive study with a cross-sectional design on 90 patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Recruitment of samples employs accidental sampling technique with the criteria no ulcers and willingness to become respondents. Data collection used an instrument in the form of an observation sheet containing demographic information and an assessment of the risk of complications of diabetic foot by IWGDF (International Working Group on Diabetic Foot) guidelines. Data analysis works with descriptive statistics.Results: The majority of respondents diagnosed with diabetes were aged > 46 years (elderly category) in 88.9%. The grouping of foot complications category showed that there were more diabetics in risk category 0, in 41.1% and followed by risk category 1, in 26.7%.Conclusion: The majority of the risk category for diabetic foot complications was in the non-neuropathy category, followed by peripheral neuropathy, deformity and POAD. It is very important for diabetes sufferers to carry out early examination of the risk category for diabetic foot.
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