Original Research Paper
Analysis Of The Aftermath Of Sars Cov-2 Infection On Neonates Born To Covid Positive Mothers : A Cross-sectional Descriptive Study From The Tertiary Care Hospital Of Central India
Dr. Pragya Chaurasia, Dr. Gagandeep Shukla, Dr. Sunil Arya
Background A novel coronavirus, now named SARS-CoV -2 by the World health Organization, is currently causing a worldwide pandemic. Although its effects are severe in elderly, SARS CoV-2 has been infecting younger patients too, including pregnant women . The effect of COVID-19 - the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 in pregnant women & its effect on their newborn children is unknown and the nature of perinatal transmission of SARS-CoV -2 too. Data on the status of newborn delivered from the Covid positive mothers is limited, hence this study was conducted .Objective - To evaluate the effect of COVID 19 on newborn born to COVID positive mother at the time of delivery. Material & Method A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted from january 2021 to july 2021 to in the pediatric department of a tertiary care hospital of Central India, including all newborns delivered to the covid positive mothers during this period. Relevant maternal and neonatal data were recorded & analyzed. Result Total 68 pregnant covid positive women admitted, among them 69 babies delivered(1 twin delivery) to covid positive mothers during study period. Majority of newborn are asymptomatic, breastfeeding and rooming in allowed with mother while 5 newborns were shifted to NICU , 77 % newborns were term, 69% newborns had normal birth weight, no malformation was found, 7% newborn needed NICU care. Outcome of all the babies were good and were discharged ( 2 were stillborn). All the neonates covid samples were send and all report came out to be negative.Conclusion Newborn are mostly not affected by covid infection in covid positive mothers, majority of newborns were asymptomatic and babies who needed NICU care were due to some other illness.
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