Original Research Paper
Eye Care Practices And Use Of Surma In Newborns
Dr Zahid Anwar
Background:We conducted this study to document the methods prevalent in our population for eyecare and use of Surma in neonates.Methods: A 6-month study was done in Fatima Memorial Hospital, where mothers and female attendants of newborns were interviewed according to a formatted questionnaire, recording data about socio-demographics of participants, practices for eye care in newborns, and use of Surma. ResultsWe interviewed 1425 females (mothers and attendants of newborns) in our hospital. Of participants, the mean age was 30 years, 33% were either illiterate or had not completed primary schooling, 73.4% were married, 49.5% were stay-home and 84.5% resided in Lahore. For eyecare after birth, 60% would use clean water, 18.9% had no knowledge, and 5.5% would use unsafe methods like antimicrobial agents. Medical personnel had guided females and families in 49%. Of the counselling by relatives (14.3%), grandmothers were a common influence. Majority (69.3%) of participants intended to use Surma, usually once a day, commonest reason being beautification of eyes and face. There was no correlation between initial eye care method, intention to use Surma, and socio-demographics.Conclusion:We should educate our community and medical personnel in particular, about safe eye care practices in neonates.
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