Original Research Paper

Orofacial Clefting -an Extensive Review

T. Ashiq, Srikrishnan Rajendran Sri Ramkumar, N. Mugunthan, R. S . Uma, Iyyanar Jayaraj, Vallabhai Sethuramachandran

Abstract :

Groove in the palatal vault makes an abnormal communication between oral and nasal cavity is known as oro-facial cleft. It is an uncommon presentation in day-to-day clinical practice. According to World Health Organization, children with the complaint of oro-facial clefts found to be high in India. Children are commonly suffering from functional and aesthetical problems due to Oro-facial clefting. Globally, an estimated 200,000 babies are born with a cleft lip, palate or both each year in the United States. Etiology may be congenital or acquired. Palatal and Alveolar cleft defects are the most common etiological factors. Cleft lip and cleft palate can sometimes develop in combination with a syndrome due to genetic causes. The acquired causes may be infections, trauma, postsurgical complications, neoplasms, periapical pathology, radio and chemo necrosis. Clinical features like defective speech, and upper respiratory tract and ear infections, fetid odor, bad taste, nasal regurgitation of food are the associated consequences of oro-nasal communication. Therefore, this malformation syndrome is an important public health problem. Many cleft palate and cleft lip develops due to the combination of genetic and environmental factors. There are more than 400 genes linked to formation of cleft lip and palate. Some environmental factors associated with cleft includes medications, deficiency of folic acid ,cigarette, drugs or alcohol conception during pregnancy. In this article we review the anatomy ,embryology ,epidemiology clinical manifestations and treatment options of the oro-facial cleft

Cite This Article :

OROFACIAL CLEFTING -AN EXTENSIVE REVIEW, T.Ashiq, Srikrishnan Rajendran Sri ramkumar, N. Mugunthan, R.S .Uma, Iyyanar Jayaraj, Vallabhai Sethuramachandran, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PURE MEDICAL RESEARCH : Volume-6 | Issue-12 | December-2021

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