Original Research Paper
Study To Assess The Need Of Contraception Among Women In Field Practice Area Near By Sri Krishna Medical College, Muzaffarpur, Bihar.
Dr. Brajesh Anand Prasad, Dr. Sudhir, Prof. Dr Mohammad Zakiuddin
BACKGROUND:Family planning is a fundamental right of every human being. Family planning plays a key role in improving the health of the mother and the child. Yet there are still significant levels of demand for family planning that are unmet and these can lead to unintended pregnancy. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE:The main aim of this study was to assess the demand for modern contraceptive and associated factors among currently married women of the reproductive age group in field practice area of SKMC Muzaffarpur. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A Community-based cross-sectional study design was conducted from March 2020 to September 2020 among 225 systematically selected currently married women of reproductive age. A Pre-tested and interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. Descriptive statistics were done to summarize the data. A multivariate logistic regressions analysis method was employed and odds ratio with 95% confidence interval was used to control for possible confounders. P-value < 0.05 was used to declare a significant association. RESULT:145 (67.4%) of all eligible couple had ever used a contraceptive method. About one third of females (28.9%) OCPs were used followed by Condom (21.3%) use. About (15.0%) DMPA and IUCD were used in about equal in proportion. Only (12.4%) females had undergone Permanent sterilization. On the basis of caste, SC/ST showed highest ever use of contraception. CONCLUSION: The total demand for modern methods of contraceptive was high in the study area except for long acting and permanent methods with high unmet need for spacing than for limiting. Therefore, any program aimed at promoting family planning at the district level should look for ways and means of increasing demand for long acting and permanent family planning methods and encouraging husband involvement to increase its utilization.
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