Original Research Paper
A Comparitive Clinical Study On The Effects Of Leech Therapy (jalaukavacharana) With And Without Herbal Face Pack (mukhadooshikaahara Lepa) In Acne Vulgaris (mukhadooshika)
Dr. Sukrant Sharma, Dr. Ashanka Bhardwaj, Dr. Vishnuvardhan L Rajole, Dr. Sarabjeet Kour
Acne vulgaris (Mukhadooshika) is a common skin disease in adolescents encountered by general practitioners and dermatologists in day today clinical practices. Acne vulgaris is one among the kshudra roga (minor diseases), having the features of shalmalis thorn like boils, pidaka (boils) are Ghana (hard), saruja (painful) with medogarbha (containing fatty material), present in the face of younger populations. Acne Vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory disease of sebaceous glands manifesting generally in adolescence with pleomorphic lesions like comedones, papules, pustules, nodules and cysts. Herbal face paste (Mukhadooshikaahara lepa) is explained in the context of treatment Acne vulgaris. Leech therapy (Jaloukavacharana) is one among the other varieties of therapeutic bloodletting technique which is indicated in many kinds of skin manifestations. Current treatment procedures which include surgery, laser treatment, oral antibiotics and topical applications are associated with many side effects, bacterial resistance, skin irritation, peeling, scar and recurrence. Acharya Sushruta explained that, one who undergoes bloodletting(raktamokshan) periodically, will not suffer with skin disorders(tvak roga), diseases presenting with nodules(granthi roga), diseases presenting with swelling/oedema(shopha roga). With this background a study has been conducted to compare the effect of leech therapy without and with application of herbal paste. Two groups were done as Group-A & Group-B, each of 10 patients. Leech therapy alone was done on face of Group-A twice with an interval of seven days that is, on day 1 and day7. In Group B it was done on twice with an interval of seven days that is, on day 1 and day 7 along with application of face pack from day 1 to day 7. The pre and post therapeutic subjective and objective criteria were recorded. All data were analyzed clinically as well as statistically. In both the Group-A and Group-B leech therapy has shown good result in reducing the symptoms of Acne vulgaris and in this study there were no significant additional benefits of herbal face pack.
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